DISTRIBUTION: They are cosmopolitan in their distribution but mostly found in temperate regions. The carpels are ribbed and have parallel resinous canals called vittae. Ocimum basilicum Mentpa viridis (mint) Lavendula vera (Lavender) Salvia splendens. Top 25 Plant Families of Economic Importance 2.1 Anacardiaceae 2.2 Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) 2.3 Arecaceae (Palmae) 2.4 Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) 2.5 Convolvulaceae 2.6 Cucurbitaceae 2.7 Dioscoreaceae 2.8 Euphorbiaceae 2.9 Fabaceae (Leguminosae) 2.10 Lamiaceae (Labiatae) 2.11 Lauraceae 2.12 Malvaceae 2.13 Meliaceae 2.14 Moraceae 2.15 Musaceae 1. The aestivation is valvate. The following is a list of some of the major plants in the family, ordered alphabetically by common name. A cremocarp is made up of two one-seeded carpels called as mericarps. In both species, the edible parts are underground tubers. Abstract: Within the Apiales, the Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) is by far the most important family, both economically and socially. Abstract: Within the Apiales, the Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) is by far the most important family, both economically and socially. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. Learn term:economic importance = forage plants, ornamentals with free interactive flashcards. The peripheral flowers of Coriandrum have unequal petals. Although; it has importance both for men and animals. Common species. Flowers are arranged in umbels or double umbels, Flowers are many, small, white or yellow in color. The roots are large enough to store the useful food materials. Coriandrum sativum:It is chiefly grown in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bihar and Uttar Pra… [CDATA[ Leaf petiole is broadened with sheath surrounding stem or base of leaf. Sometimes sepals may be absent. This resin from the stem is used in perfumery. The leaves of Anethum sowa are used for flavoring. APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) - Carrot or Parsley Family Biennial or perennial herbs, rarely woody Leaves alternate and much divided, sheathing at base Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, infl. The following is a list of some of the major plants in the family, ordered alphabetically by common name. The family Apiaceae contributes several important food, essential oils and aromatic herbs to human race. a) Umbelliferae b) Asteraceae c) Brassicaceae d) Malvaceae. Inflorescence: Inflorescence is the characteristic feature of this family. 1 | P a g e FAMILY APIACEAE (UMBELLIFERE) It is also known as umbellifere because the main feature of this family is umbel inflorescence. The endosperm may be flat, crescent or concave on the ventral side. Poaceae (=Gramineae) Poaceae—Grass family • Named for genus Poa • Crops called cereal crops (Greek god of agriculture was Ceres) • Monocots An epigynous disc called as stylopodium, is present on the top of the ovary. They have the following characteristic features: 1. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Ornamental Plants -Lilium, tulips, Gloriosa and Ruscus. The gum-resin obtained from its roots is used in perfume industry. Either prostrate or erect. }); Six Top Agricultural Crop Families ... • Carrot family (Apiaceae)—carrots, celery, parsnips, cilantro . Habit: Most of this family are herbaceous annual, biennial (having a 2 year cycle), or perennial plants. We are ... Cow parsnip is not a weed of economic importance, in my opinion. DISTRIBUTION: They are cosmopolitan in their distribution but mostly found in temperate regions. These form the basic food of mankind. 4. The roots of this plant are edible. The fruits and leaves are used as condiment and spice. 1 | P a g e FAMILY APIACEAE (UMBELLIFERE) It is also known as umbellifere because the main feature of this family is umbel inflorescence. The flower of family Apiaceae is . Poaceae (=Gramineae) Poaceae—Grass family • Named for genus Poa • Crops called cereal crops (Greek god of agriculture was Ceres) • Monocots The general characteristic and economic importance of family apiaceae. Cyperaceae - Cyperaceae - Economic and ecological importance: Few sedges are crop plants. For example: carrot and parsnip. Habitat: Members of this family are adapted to conditions that encourage heavy concentrations of essential oils. Food: This family has many vegetables like carrot, parsely, parsnip and sowa. Oleo-gum resin obtained from Ferula narthex is used for flavoring food products. The fruits are used as condiment. Umbelliferae / Apiaceae Family - Floral characters, Primitive characters, advance characters & Economic importance Ferula galbaniflua gives an oleo gum resin. Bulbs of Allium cepa and the roots of various species of Smilax are used as flavouring agents. Most are native to dry or moderately moist regions and other open areas. Family apiaceae 1. Choose from 29 different sets of term:economic importance = forage plants, ornamentals flashcards on Quizlet. Stylopodium surrounds the two styles. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The alternative name of this family is Umbelliferae. Stigmas are capitates and distinct. Apium graveolens L. or celery is a cultivated plant, commonly used as a vegetable throughout Africa. Seed: Seeds are endospermic with a small embryo. The Apiaceae … The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. We have loaded Previous years questions with explanations...for all competitive exams. Economic importance. 2. Mericarps remain attached to the central axis known as carpophore. The family includes herbaceous (nonwoody) monocot plants that are generally perennial but not evergreen. Petals are usually apically inflexed in bud and they fall off soon. Stem: Stems are hollow at the points where the leaves are attached. A number of the aromatic plants of the carrot family, Apiaceae, are useful as food and flavouring. A key competence of the Institute Species of the family Apiaceae are spread over the temperate zone of northern hemisphere mostly in steppe, fen, grassland and forest soils. The family Apiaceae contributes several important food, essential oils and aromatic herbs to human race. Family apiaceae 1. 2. An analysis of variability within the family Apiaceae using RAPD markers was initiated. This plant gives aromatic fruits which are used as flavoring agents. 3. of Economic Importance . a) Umbelliferae b) Asteraceae c) Brassicaceae d) Malvaceae. Economic importance. Some important plants of the family: Solanum tuberosum (potato) Solanum melongena (brinjal) Capsicum annum (green pepper) Lycoperscum esculentum (tomato) Nicotiana tobaccum (tobacco) Petunia hybrida (petunia) Datura metel (devil’s trumpet) Datura stramonium (jimsonweed) Withania somnifera (ashwagandha or rennet) Economic importance: This angiospermic Rosaceae family is ranked third in the flowering families for commercial importance in the temperate region or zone. Fodder: Several members of this family are important as forage plants for cattle and horses. ... a glycoside in the fruit is 150 times sweeter than sucrose and may have economic potential as a non-caloric sugar substitute.] The Apiaceae or Umbelliferae, commonly known as the celery, carrot, or parsley family, are a family of mostly aromatic plants with hollow stems. Apiaceae are rich sources of essential oils because of the wealth of secretory structures (ducts and vittae) they are endowed with. Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) The Carrot Family 446 genera 3,540 species Distribution: This family is nearly cosmopolitan, though it is most common in temperate upland areas. Apocynaceae (from Apocynum, Greek for "dog-away") is a family of flowering plants that includes trees, shrubs, herbs, stem succulents, and vines, commonly known as the dogbane family, because some taxa were used as dog poison. This view is proved on the fact that in both Apiaceae and Rubiaceae there is tendency of flowers to be aggregated into umbellate heads, reduction of calyx lobes, epigyny, etc. The fruit is schizocarpic cremocarp. The roots and seeds of Ferula jaeschkena are used in the production of essential oil. Fruit: The fruit can be divided into 2 parts. In our country the family is represented by several important species such as, Coriandrum sativum, Foeniculum vulgare, Cuminum cyminum, Daucus carota, Camm copticum, Hydrocotyle asiatica, etc. Apium graveolens L. or celery is a cultivated plant, commonly used as a vegetable throughout Africa. They are medicinally used as carminative, stimulant and tonic for indigestion. Of these, by far the most important are the Chinese water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) and chufas or tiger nuts, cultivars of the yellow nut sedge (Cyperus esculentus) grown primarily in Africa. They are medicinally used as carminative and stimulant. A number of the aromatic plants of the carrot family, Apiaceae, are useful as food and flavouring. The flowering head is usually a simple or compound ‘umbel’, but it can be reduced to a single flower in some species. 2. Omissions? Hence this family is considered as economically important. It might sometimes contain latex. 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