They hatch in three to four days. It is a serious pest of various economically important crops such as cotton, tomato, groundnut, chilli, tobacco, caster, okra and pulses etc. 0000010604 00000 n The eggs of the cluster caterpillar (Spodoptera litura [Fabricius]) (Lepi- doptera: Noctuidae) are laid in clusters of 200 to 300 underneath leaves and covered with brown scales from the body of the mother. Bioassays (at generation G 1) with a newly collected field population of Spodoptera litura (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from Multan, Pakistan, showed resistance ratios of 15, 23, 37, and 16 for indoxacarb, spinosad, abamectin, and emamectin, respectively, compared with a laboratory susceptible population, Lab-PK. Two ranges which were taken for these studies were 40% humidity & 20°C temperature. 3.1 Morphological description of Spodoptera litura 3.1.1 Egg In the laboratory, oviposition occurred during night-time and The most improtant pests include S. exigua, S. frugiperda, S. litura, and S. littoralis. 0000024451 00000 n 0000003462 00000 n 9 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 12 /H [ 1644 264 ] /L 107973 /E 104992 /N 1 /T 107676 >> endobj xref 9 53 0000000016 00000 n 2:27. ��VB�J�Yv�FT�����Lvzk$c��7�bɈN�{�s6��3�rn�&��)hJ��r��]�IǍF.���Fch���sE��.�B�V�s �ǭ��`�-v��Z��E�{�Ն���. As in most other parts of the tropic, these armyworms are subjected to a disease caused by a Spodoptera litura nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpltNPV) infection in the field … 0000008182 00000 n <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.02 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Here we generated comparative genomic analyses between S. frugiperda and its native relative, S. litura, which differs in host preference, locomotivity and production behavior. endobj ȧ�t�1�/��Ѳ?y0�W/�~~%�D �f�S��$(�U������i���������HT� Intensitas serangan mengalami peningkatan pada 5 MST bijipada varietas Anjasmoro dengan intensitas serangan sebesar 9,39% Varietas Anjasmorodan 6 … Nasr ESA (1973) Effect of temperature and relative humidity on the life cycle of the cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The bacterial diversity across the life cycle of S. exigua was studied using Illumina MiSeq sequencing of 16S rRNA genes. The young larvae (first to third instar) feed in groups, leaving the opposite epidermis of the leaf intact. worm, Spodoptera litura (Noctuidae) were reared on an artiˆcial diet (Insecta-LF; Nihon Nosan Kougyo Ltd.). B.A. Sementara Spodoptera frugiperda, … The number of generations ... Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. 0000003515 00000 n 0000006231 00000 n Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. The larvae feed in a group when they are … Entomol rnithol Herpetol 3: 118. doi:10.41722161-0983.1000118 Page 3 of 5 oe 3 e of on = = A-() () FEDERICI, in Handbook of Biological Control, 1999. At high tem­per­a­tures, the egg stage lasts about 3 days, the lar­val stage lasts 18 to 20 days, the pupal stage lasts 5 days, and adult moths live 4 to 10 days. insects Article Susceptibility of Various Developmental Stages of the Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, to Entomopathogenic Nematodes Rajendra Acharya 1,2, Hwal-Su Hwang 1,3, Md Munir Mostafiz 1,2, Yeon-Su Yu 4 and Kyeong-Yeoll Lee 1,2,3,5,* 1 Department of Applied Biosciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea; … Eggs are laid two to three days after mating. morfologi spodoptera litura pdf. Our objective was to study the life fecundity tables of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) reared on tobacco cv. 0000012376 00000 n 2 0 obj As a result of fluctuation, insect can shorten or elongate their life cycle. As a result of fluctuation, insect can shorten or elongate their life cycle. 0000002144 00000 n The oxidative stress in S. litura larvae exposed to phytochemicals was increased. Counts were based on 20 eggs per treatment, each treatment repeated five times. M�~b��Е����&:��7���J:��de�Nkr�ʜ&P�v�Ȼ�������wn?�@=�q����(0����uo^� endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Encoding /Differences [ 1 /C /l /u /s /t /e /r /space /a /p /i /parenleft /bracketleft /F /b /c /bracketright /parenright /A /g /P /o /f /h /D /two /zero /hyphen /three /comma /R /d /y /I /S /B /N /one /nine /four /five /six /m /n /L ] >> endobj 20 0 obj [ /Separation /All 22 0 R 54 0 R ] endobj 21 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 491 >> stream Spodoptera littoralis and Spodoptera litura 3 extra instar, and maturation may take up to 3 months. The Oriental leafworm is a highly polyphagous defoliator on many cultivated plants. 0000004261 00000 n 0000008066 00000 n Spodoptera exigua is a highly dispersive, polyphagous species that is a serious pest of vegetable, field and flower crops. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 0000002564 00000 n Spodoptera littoralis, also referred to as the African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean brocade, is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. Adults are active during night and live for about 8 to 10 days. 0000001908 00000 n 0000010953 00000 n Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 34:257-270. stream Anand-119 under controlled condition at 26 ± 1°C. Spodoptera adalah ngengat yang termasuk dalam suku Noctuidae. Spodoptera litura is a notorious leaf feeding insect pest of more than one hundred plants around the Asia-Pacific region. Grpllsia, 40:195-206. Integrated Management of Spodoptera litura: A Review Kuldeep Srivastava1*, Devinder Sharma2, ... different aspects of a life cycle of the S. litura [6-7]. Spodoptera litura is an important polyphagous pest in India, China and Japan. Spodoptera NPVs for Control of Spodoptera Species. Grpllsia, 40:195-206. Michigan State University’s invasive species factsheets. Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) is a cosmopolitan polyphagous insect pest ofmanyfood crops and tobacco. 0000059073 00000 n <> 0000008943 00000 n Mean ± SE percent of Spodoptera litura eggs that failed to hatch. Perbedaan Spodoptera litura denganSpodoptera frugiperda adalah pada kerakusan dalam memakan tanaman, dimana untuk ulat grayak asli Amerika Tengah ini memiliki kerakusan dalam makan tanaman hingga 10 kali lipat dibanding spesies lokal. 1 Introduction. 0000005511 00000 n 0000013017 00000 n The female is bigger with a stout abdomen while the male is narrower and tapering towards the tip. 0000004282 00000 n This pest is considered to be of concern from a regulatory perspective. 0000103636 00000 n 0000010832 00000 n More than 100 species of host plants are reported, many of which are of economic importance (EPPO/CABI, 1997, Robinson et al., 2010). At present, control of S. litura is primarily achieved through the application of various chemical insecticides. Larvanya (ulatnya) dikenal sebagai hama yang sangat merusak. Koppert Biological Systems 159,094 views. Spodoptera litura - Duration: 1:15. e-Plant Health 1,130 views. EPPO Standards PM 7/124(1) Diagnostic protocol for Spodoptera littoralis, Spodoptera litura, Spodoptera frugiperda, Spodoptera eridania. Localization of proteinacious factors from the male reproductive system of S. litura which are responsible for modifying the physiology of egg production and egg laying. Effect of Azadirachta indica Extracts on Oriental Leafworm, Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) www.ctnr.org 3 Volume 2 | DOI 10.1511/CTNR.2017.000. Spodoptera, such as S. litura (F.), S. exigua (Hübner), and S. mauri a (Boisduval), are major pests of sever al crops in India with a rich arra y of indigenous natural enemies. Spodoptera litura, male Photo by N. Wright, FDACS-DPI 4 1 2 3 5. Life cycle of the Oriental leafworm (copyright: A.C. Hodges, IFAS, University of Florida). OEPP/EPPO, 2015. 0000001887 00000 n Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students.ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. KEY WORDS: Mango, Spodoptera litura, biology and morphometry. Localization of proteinacious factors from the male reproductive system of S. litura which are responsible for modifying the physiology of egg production and egg laying. 0000003190 00000 n Image Credit: young larvae - Brent Rowell, University of Kentucky, Growers guide to Bt; egg mass - Merle Shepard, Gerald R. Carner, P.A. Nasr ESA (1973) Effect of temperature and relative humidity on the life cycle of the cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis. Spodoptera littoralis, also referred to as the African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean brocade, is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. 1 0 obj Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Order-Lepidoptera) or common cutworm is one of the most destructive insect pest of agricultural crops, with more than 120 host plants globally [].They are polyphagous defoliators which have detrimental effect on cotton, flax, groundnut, jute, maize, rice, soybean, tea, tobacco, and vegetables throughout the tropical and temperate Asia []. Ulat yang tidak berbulu oleh awam biasa disebut ulat tentara atau ulat grayak.. Di Indonesia, ulat grayak utama adalah Spodoptera exigua (larva berwarna coklat kehijauan) dan S. litura (larva berwarna coklat). Ocete Rubio E, 1984. %���� Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is an important herbivorous pest responsible for widespread economic damage to numerous field vegetables and ornamental plants in tropical and subtropical regions [23]. the life cycle of FAW; and know how to monitor and manage the pest. Selama ini untukSpodoptera litura banyak makan diwaktu malam hari saja, sedang pada siang harinya tidur dan sembunyi. To study the life cycle of Spodoptera litura. The Spodoptera complex consists of important species that attack a wide variety of field and vegetable crops. We found that exposure to 0.5% indole-3-methanol (I3C), xanthotoxin, and rotenone (ROT) significantly retarded the growth of Spodoptera litura larvae. AIMS: Spodoptera exigua is a serious pest of many agricultural crops. 0000011632 00000 n The life cycle of thrips - Duration: 2:27. At lower temperatures, for example on glasshouse chrysanthemums in Europe, larva… 0000012397 00000 n Michigan State University’s invasive species factsheets. 0000006945 00000 n 0000011130 00000 n Life cycle Adults can live for 8 to 10 days Eggs hatch in 4 to 12 days Larvae pass through six instars in about 13 days After the mature larval stage, the larvae of S. litura. endobj Purification and Characterization of the protein; Determination of the amino acid sequence of the protein. Its accidental introduction into . Study of the biological cycle of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval) at different temperatures. Fand BB, Sul NT, Bal SK, Minhas PS (2015) Temperature impacts the development and survival of common cutworm (Spodoptera litura): simulation and visualization of potential population growth in India under warmer temperatures through life cycle … Results pertaining to biology of S. litura on castor revealed that total life cycle period lasted for about 28.25 to 36.00 days with an average of 32.13±5.48 days (Table 1 and Fig 3). To study the life cycle of Spodoptera litura. On the other hand, species like Spodoptera frugiperda, Heliothis virescens, Gamma irradiation of Spodoptera litura larvae induced an abatement in their. The total life cycle from egg laying to adult emergence completes in 27-31 days with an average of 28.81±1.99 days. 0000006380 00000 n 0000006966 00000 n trailer << /Size 62 /Info 6 0 R /Encrypt 11 0 R /Root 10 0 R /Prev 107667 /ID[<94a14b1057b7ec684bb767f39280140c><045a7154c01a6e9dba68408a12a4dd79>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 10 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 7 0 R /Metadata 8 0 R >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /R 2 /O ( U�V�.�`�����Dz�-���#_m�_�}�g) /U ( =Ί���&R�L�ec�-6��^ �r�%S+) /P -28 /V 1 /Length 40 >> endobj 60 0 obj << /S 36 /T 162 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 61 0 R >> stream Mochida O (1973) Two important pests, Spodoptera litura and S. littoralis on various crops morphological discrimination of the adult, pupal and larval stages. �.v���"�OY�+��o`��fB4�Oʥ֊��M�[9O!��! Between 2 and 5 days after emergence, females lay 1000-2000 eggs in egg masses of 100-300 underneath leaves and covered with brown scales from the body of the mother. S. littoralis is found widely in Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries.It is a highly polyphagous organism that is a pest of many cultivated plants and crops. endobj The pre-oviposition period ranged from 29th to 31st day of pivotal age. 3.1 Morphological description of Spodoptera litura 3.1.1 Egg In the laboratory, oviposition occurred during night-time and 0000007695 00000 n 4 0 obj 0000001422 00000 n Applied Entomology and Zoology 8, 205-214. Spodoptera litura (F.) (to-518 Florida Entomologist 91(4) December 2008 bacco cutworm, cluster caterpillar, and rice cut-worm, among other common names) attacks a wide range of crops including cotton, peanuts (groundnuts), rice, soybeans, vegetables, and or-namental plants (EPPO/CABI 1997). Spodoptera litura merupakan salah satu jenis hama penting yang merusak daun kedelai dibandingkan dengan hama perusak daun lainnya (Adie et al., 2012). 0000001493 00000 n insects Article Susceptibility of Various Developmental Stages of the Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, to Entomopathogenic Nematodes Rajendra Acharya 1,2, Hwal-Su Hwang 1,3, Md Munir Mostafiz 1,2, Yeon-Su Yu 4 and Kyeong-Yeoll Lee 1,2,3,5,* 1 Department of Applied Biosciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea; … ao Patil RA, Mehta DM, Jat BL (2014) Studies on Life Fecundity Tables of Spodoptera Litura Fabricius on Tobacco Nicotiana tabacum Linnaeus. 0000004081 00000 n Abstract. Thus, the short­est lifes­pan of Spodoptera ex­igua is about 27 days. We aimed to study the biodiversity of the microbiota across the life cycle of S. exigua and to provide a better and obtain insight into new pest control strategies. 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